The cultivation of wheat (Triticum spp.) reaches far back to 8000 years. Today, wheat is grown on more land area than any other commercial crop and continues to be the most important food grain source for humans.
Wheat is a cereal grain that belongs to the grass family of the genus ‘Triticum’.
The world production of wheat figures over 735 million tons (FAO’s latest forecast for 2015). The largest producer of wheat in the world is the European Union followed by China, India and United States of America. These four producers contribute to around 60% of the total production.
Wheat is a stable crop in many countries and hence its consumption is directly proportional to the population growth. Consumption has been constantly increasing during the last 10 years with the increase in population, and alarmingly, the consumption is prepared to shoot up further and is expected to reach up to 775 million tons in 2020. An important crop for human food security.