Total Planted Area of sugarcane is 24.5 million hectares. Saccharum officinarum is the main species of sugarcane cultivated for the production of sugar. Sugarcane belongs to the Poaceae family and is cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Sugar is extracted and used to produce cane sugar, cane syrup, molasses etc. The remaining pulp, or bagasse, is used to manufacture paper, cardboard and ethanol (for use as a fuel supplement).
Brazil is the main sugarcane growing country, cultivating around 8.5 m. ha. In 2013, followed by India (around 5.5 m. ha.). Herbicides applied in the early growing season to reduce weed competition for light, water and nutrients are important to achieve better yield.